LIFE is the financial instrument of the European Union, supporting environmental and conservation projects in the EU and in several bordering and/or candidate countries.
Since 1992, LIFE has co- financed over 3100 environmental protection projects, for a total contribution of circa 2.2 billion Euro
LIFE +, the new financial instrument for environmental projects (2007-2013), was adopted with the publication of Regulation of the European Parliament and Council (EC) n. 614/2007 of 23 May 2007.
The specific objective of LIFE NATURA is:
- to contribute to the implementation of EU nature protection legislation, in particular the “Birds” directive (79/409/EEC) and the “Habitat” Directive (92/43/EEC);
- to facilitate the development and consolidation of the “Natura 2000” network for the in situ management and conservation of the most significant animal and vegetable species and habitats in Europe. The projects financed are aimed at actions that contribute to the conservation or rehabilitation of natural habitats
- contribute to the conservation or rehabilitation of a favourable conservation status for the most relevant animal or vegetable populations in the area;
- develop accessory measures aimed at project development, exchange of experience, monitoring and assessing projects and disseminating results.
In order to be financed, the projects need to refer to SCI (Sites of Community interest) or SPA (Special Protecion Areas) and Habitats or Species listed in the “Birds” or “Habitat” Directives.